Geoffrey Mallin Rollason, brother of Phil Rollason( our grandfather ) was the son of Thomas Rollason, (our great great grandfather ) born in Australia 13th May 1889 and died August 1972 in New Jersey.
Geoff had a brilliant scientific mind. After a distinguished academic career at Melbourne Grammar and University…..
University of Melbourne:
1907 : Geoff is noted as completing first year medicine.
1908 Completed Geology and Minerology 3rd class, Chemistry Part II – First class.
1910 : Geoff travels to US as a student from South Hampton on the “majestic” August 29 , 1910 . He was staying with his Aunt A.E. Rollason , 28 West Kensington Mansions, Massachusetts and his final destination was Boston. He Arrived 8th Sept in New York.
Geoff went to Cambridge Massachusetts Institute of Technolog around 1912-14. He was a member of “Sigma Alpha Epsilon” of the William Thomas Hall , 1004 Beacon St.
25/9/1915 : Married :
Geoff was naturalized US citizen June 3 1918 and his address was noted as : Sanity Corps Detachment Nela Park , Cleveland , Ohio.
He joined the Aluminium company of America and was vice president of Alcoa for many years. Geoff’s family was later to be given a posthumous award by President Nixon for the part he played as a co-ordinator in the development of the A bomb during W.W.2 and also his work in the U.S.A. gas service. This original plaque is presently at the home of Mary Houston .
Geoff went to the Massachusetts Ins of Technology 1910-1913. Then enlisted in late 1917 and embarked as a Sergeant in Engineer Corps of the U.S.A. Army on 25/12/1917 and arrived in France 10/1/1918 with the 30th engineers.
Canadian Expeditionary Force:
Geoff signed up in Toronto for the Canadian Overseas Expeditionary force August 22nd, 1917. He gave his address as 452 Columbia Ave. Palmerton, Penn. U.S.A. and his next of kin was his wife Marguerite Gilchrist Rollason of 21 French St. Barre Vermont, U.S.A. He was discharged from the Canadian force Nov 19th, 1917 to join the 30th US engineers. His conduct and character whilst in the service had been , according to the records “Exemplary”. His special qualifications were noted as “Metallurgical Engineer”.
His last Canadian pay certificate states : Pte. #514731 whose pay was $1.00 per day, and his payment on discharge was $30.90 and his assignee was Mrs. Marguerite Rollason.
Geoff’s place of work at registration was the New Jersey Zinc Co. awt Palmerston Penn. The date is June 5 1917, after which he signed up with the Canadians.
According to records Geoff emigrated to the US via England Sept 6th , 1910 and was naturalized in 1918 .
By 1921 he had resided in Cleveland Ohio, Mass and Penns, for 11 years and having been married.
WW1 : Geoff served with the 30th Engineers US army. Gas and Flame, then named the 2nd Chemical Battalion
The 30th was activated 15/8/1917 at Camp American University , Washington. A and B companies arrived in France Jan 1st 1918 and began training with the british forces. The regiment was awarded battle streamers for participation in the campaign of Flanders 1918 and Lorraine 1918. In July 1918 it was re designated the First Gas Regiment.
Battle streamers awarded : Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel, Meuse -Argonne. Demobilized 28/2/1919.
He applied for citizenship in June 1918 at Clevleand Ohio .( As he was already married, and having resided in the US for a long time, this would have been an easy transition.)
This was a passport application to visit Australia to see relatives , he applied for travel around January 10th 1921.
Geoffrey had married Marguerite G Stoughton(b 1891) 25th September 1915 at Northfield, Vermont, US. Being the elder son of Thomas Rollason, Maneroo, Albany road, Toorak.
The grave of Ellen Louise Gilchrist in Vermont.
Marguerite Gilchrest was the second daughter of Homer(1836-1902) and Ellen Louise ( nee Gilchrist) Stoughton. Marguerite’s sister was Laura E. (b 1887). In 1910 they were living with their mother at Barre Ward 1, Washington, Vermont.
Geoff married Marguerite Gilchrist, ( born c 1890/ 1891)one of the 7 children of the late Col. Homer Stoughton of Barre, Vermont, U.S. and Ellen Gilchrist ( Homer’s second wife after the death of his first wife C.A. Atwood) Homer and Ellen married in 1869 .
Geoff and Marguerite had no children.
Stoughton , Marguerite’s father :
Colonel Homer Stoughton (1841-1898) was a civil war union army officer, born in Quebec. ( He was an employee of the Vermont Central Railroad). Colonel of the 16th Vermont Volunteer Infantry. Residence Randolph VT. He enlisted on 9/25/1861 as a captain. He was wounded 5/10/1864 Spotsylvania Court House, VA. POW 6/21/1864 Petersburg, VA. Paroled 12/15/1864. He was promoted to Major 1862, L. Col 1863, Colonel 1864. He is buried Elmwood Cemetery , Barre, Vermont. US.
Colonel Homer Stoughton
Report from Major Stoughton , Second U.S. Sharpshooters, Battle of Gettysburg
July 27, 1863. *
*Capt. JOHN M. COONEY,
A. A. G., Second Brig., First Div., Third Army Corps. *
* CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report the operations of the
Second U.S. Sharpshooters at Gettysburg, Pa., as follows:
On the morning of July. 2,. I was placed in line on the
extreme left of the Third Corps, remaining there for nearly one
hour, when the colonel commanding instructed me to place my command
in a position to cover a ravine near Sugar Loaf hill, which I did by
putting Company H on the brow of the hill, with vedettes overlooking
the ravine, and Company D in the ravine near the woods, to watch the
enemy’s movements in that direction. Companies A, E, G, and C formed
a line perpendicular to the cross-road that intersects with the
Emmitsburg pike. Companies B and F, I held in reserve.
I remained in this position until about 2 p.m., when General
Ward directed that I should deploy my regiment across the ravine and
through the woods on the right, and advance. I moved forward to a
brook some 200 yards beyond a second cross-road running
perpendicular to the Emmitsburg pike, and intersecting with it in
front of Sugar Loaf hill. I sent forward scouts to reconnoiter the
ground. I then rode out perhaps the distance of half a mile, and
discovered the enemy’s skirmishers advancing on my right, which,
being unsupported by any connection with skirmishers on my right, I
was compelled to withdraw to protect my flank. In this position we
had but little time to wait. The enemy’s skirmishers advanced to the
top of the hill in our front, and immediately after they placed a
battery directly in our front, and being too far for our range, I
sent forward a few men under cover of woods on the left, and
silenced one piece nearest us.
The enemy then advanced a line of battle covering our entire
front and flank. While they were advancing, the Second Regiment did
splendid execution, killing and wounding a great many. One regiment
broke three times, and rallied, before it would advance. I held my
position until their line of battle was within 100 yards of me and
their skirmishers were pushing my right flank, when I ordered my men
to fall back, firing as they retired. My left wing retreated-up the
hill and allowed the enemy to pass up the ravine, when they poured a destructive fire into his flank and rear.
Here Adjutant Norton, with about a dozen men, captured and
sent to the rear 22 prisoners. Special mention should be made of
this officer for his coolness and bravery during this day’s engagement.
The right wing fell back gradually until they mingled with
the regiments composing the Second Brigade, and remained till night,when the brigade was relieved.
In this day’s action were wounded Capts. E. T. Rowell
(acting major), J. McClure, and A. Buxton. Our loss was 28 killed,
wounded, and missing. Among the missing was Lieut. D. B. Pettijohn,
On the 3d instant, the Second Regiment was not engaged, with
the exception of about a dozen volunteers, who went out to the front
of the breastworks of the First Army Corps, to silence one of the
enemy’s guns, which was accomplished, losing I killed and 1 wounded.
On the 4th instant, I was ordered to move forward to the
Emmitsburg pike, a few hundred yards to the left of the cemetery,
and to deploy four companies to skirmish through the field to the
woods in front. The enemy was driven back to his earthworks, about 150 or 200 yards from his first position. We held this position through the day, under a sharp fire from his sharpshooters.
The regiment sustained a loss this day of 3 killed and 8
wounded. Among the wounded was Lieutenant Law, Company E.
At 7.30 p.m. I was relieved by a New Jersey regiment, of the
Sixth Corps, and rejoined the brigade. *
*I have the honor to remain, your obedient servant,
HOMER R. STOUGHTON,
Major, Commanding Second U.S. Sharpshooters. *
*RETURN TO BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG UNION ORDER OF BATTLE PAGE*
Notes; Stoughton was on the Union side ,United States. This battle was the battle with the largest number of casualties in the American civil war. On the Union side 23,055 : 3,155 killed, 14,531 wounded, 5,369 captured or missing.
Maj. General George Gordon Lee’s army of the Union defeated attacks by Gen. Robert Lee (CSA confederacy )of the North. Ending Lee’s invasion of the north.
The obituary of Homer Stoughton above
Geoff Rollason Continued:
Geoff was living with Marguerite at Evergreen Ave , Plainfield New Jersey. It looks from above, that theirs was the only house on the street. They had a servant , a negro from Alabama, (58) Maryanne Steele.
Geoff was living at 1360 Evergreen Ave., Plainfield New Jersey. Above, he sailed from Sydney in April 1927 to San Francisco.
In 1944 Alocoa ( Aluminium company of America) was an atomic weapons employer located in Garwood New Jersey. Geoff was VP of his division?
The task: Alcoa manufactured casting dies and used them in the die casting of aluminum – silica coatings on uranium slugs. In other words, they were canning uranium slugs for the bomb. The report above describes the amount of residual radioactive contamination on the factory floor. We assume that as the manager he would have been affected less than a plant worker. It is for this work, that Geoff was given the award from Richard Nixon we think along with his work in WW1 and chemical warfare work in both wars.
By 1947 Geoff and Marguerite had moved to 935 Belvidere Ave. Plainfield New Jersey.
Geoff died in August 1972 and his last known residence was Westfield , Union, New Jersey – close to Plainfield. 1360 Evergreen Ave, Plain field .( If I remember seeing a letter , his eyes were a problem and he went in for eye surgery, and I have a feeling that there were complications after that possibly causing his death ?