( Please note, the earlier tree is a work in progress as the line is researched , see lineage below- the later tree (1700s ) however is correct)
history of du moulin family – the Brabant , Belgium connection and origins in FRANCE .
Du Moulin crest noted as an eagle , wings indorsed, preying on an infant swaddled
French Origins :
The Du Moulin family orgininated in Moulin “The Mill of the Bourbons” in Bourbonnaise, France, and from Moulin la Marche , just west of Moulin.
” Moulin” ,The flemish called the place Moulen hence the flemish version of Du Moulin is Van Der Meulen. The american immigrants of the Du Moulin family used only Vermeule after the 1600s.Until the 16th century the aristocratic families used the french name of Du Moulin in court and it’s flemish translation in business.
In the 13th century the family related to the Houses of the Dukes of Bourbon and the Dukes of Burgundy and formed one of the historic families of France. The Burgundy line was associated with Holland , Germany , Austria and Flanders which is our line of Du Moulin.
Our Du Moulin line lived in France , England and in the dutch province of Brabant.The Duchy of Brabant consists of the provinces of Brabant , Antwerp , Brussels , and North Brabant in the Netherlands.
The 10th generation Du Moulin of this branch of some note included the two brothers* Andre and Daniel Du Moulin . Our branch appears to be the protestant branch which is not to say there were not practicing anglicans in there somewhere. According to some research, the protestant branch was Mignaux and Lorne -Grenier. Most consider Charles Du Moulin ( jurist ) ( see further down the post for Charles ) from this protestant branch found in Orleans and Sedan France.
*Andre Du Moulin/Andries Van Der Meulen `1549-1611 ( Lord of Milleghem and Ranst), and his brother : Daniel the Lord of Anseghem . Both brothers were prominent figures , owning ships and high in the counsels of the Prince of Orange. ( our Jacobus Du Moulin would go on to volunteer with the Diutch army led by the Prince of Orange William I August 1831 in the battle of Hasselt. )
14th Century: In about 1385 the Netherlands came under the rule of Phillip the Bold (Duke of Burgendy) . We can find the Du Moulin family in Antwerp up to about 1570. Where in the family was known as Van der Meulen . They are the lords of Millighem. ( Dutch province of Brabant and Maline ).The earlier family still held the name of Du Moulin. The coat of arms is the lion with red claws. ( Which differs to the crest at the beginning of this post )
16th and 17th century: French Huguenots :
French Huguenots were french protestants most of whom eventually came to follow the teachings of Calvin and who due to religious persecution were forced to flee france in the 16th and 17th centuries. 1562- some 1200 Huguenots were slain at Vassey , France thus igniting the French wars of religion , which would devastate France for the next 35 years.
In France when Louis XIV was born it was proclaimed a divine birth matching that of Jesus by the Cardinal . And when his father Louis XIII passed away these Cardinals set in place that laws of France until Louis XIV ( reign 1643-1715)became of age , NO HUGUENOT allowed. Many of the Du Moulin line were HUGUENOT and the king forced these non desirables out of France, sometimes with brutal force. Louis XIV declared war on Holland( protestant ) even though France supported Holland prior. This would have influenced any protestant Du Moulins to leave France.
Our great great great grandfather Jacobus Adriannus Du Moulin came out to Australia in 1834 with his wife and 11 children, and his wife’s mother Grace Davidson (b. 1765)who died in 1838 . Jacobus was a surgeon with the 5oth regiment and came out with a prisoner ship to Sydney.
The Ancestry /Lineage of Jacobus A. Du Moulin
10th Century : 990 : The Moulin La Marche line of Du Moulin.
11th century(1040/1050): Guitmund des Moulin la Marche /Guimond Moulins – A Monk ( and norman solider ?)under William 1st’s reign (Duchy of Normandy ( Mortagne-au-Perche region ) m. Emma Guimond Moulins. nine known children: eight sons who almost all were banished* by William 1st ( Duke of Normandy, William the Bastard ) 6 to southern Italy , and a daughter (Alebreda)who married a powerful Norman lord, Raoul Taisson and after then to William ‘s cousin William de Falaise . In return William’s cousin became de Falaise des Moulin la Marche by title .
See castle for Guillam De Falaise above. Moulin la Marche !
Guitmund was the castellan of the castle of Robert the devil and betrayed his lord by handing over the castle to King Henry of France in 1054.One/two sons of his went to Brabant/Antwerp. (Guillam ). It is possible that Guitmond owned Bons Moulin forest , La Marche( & castle of La Marche ) and the Castle of Moulin in Oren, Toward the end of his life he was the Bishop of Bec.
*William 1st asked Guitmund to gain control of Normandy and England and Guitmund refused. Guitmund also gave the castle of Robert the Devil **which he was in charge of to France and his sons conspired to over throw William and this made William furious. William the Conquerer displaced the property of des Moulin to his liking to include the church of St. Evroult of Maheru.
Castle of Robert the Devil:**https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%C3%A2teau_de_Robert_le_Diable“An alternative view states that the castle was owned and guarded by the de Moulins, later the Molyneux family who were loyalists of William the Conqueror, and it was rebuilt in 1378 by a descendant from William de Molineux, the Lord of Sefton, in Lancashire, one of the followers of William the Conqueror.“
13th century onwards: This Du Moulin line were mostly esquires, knights and some held position in the Catholic Church before the Reformation. There were two distinct lines of these Du Moulins – either just south of Paris or near Alsace.
- #1 gen Pierre Du Moulin 1253-1323 m. jenne Doisi
- #2 Pierre Du Moulin Esq. 1286 – 1356 m. Marie de Courcelles
- # 3Nicolas Du Moulin 1319-1389 m. Jenne de Haulthy ,Jean Du Moulin 1350 son?
- #4 Pierre Du Moulin 1352 -1422 m. Catherine de Cambrogue – nicol, pierre and stassart were children
- #5 Pierre Du Moulin 1385-1455 m. Marie Surcamp, Guillam and Jean sons.Jean Du Moulin d. 1495 Ultrecht ( son of Pierre Du Moulin and Marie De Surcamp)
- #6(1418-1496)Guillaume du Moulin , m Lady Louise de Carondelet, Lady of Aubois ( This William was of the family who were the Lords of Milighem in Antwerp Bradant /maline.) Knight, noble of King Louis VX1. One son named Jacques
|Stassart ( Cornelius Jan Van Der Meulen)citizen of Zeeland In1466- Middleburg Zeeland , Hollland ( changed his name from Du Moulin). Described as a knight , m. Isabeaude Builiengheim) – relation to Stassart (gen 5)from Pierre Du Moulin generation _______________________________________________________|
- #7Jacques Du Moulin 1451-1521 noble of the king m. Jenne Moen. Children: Jean and Eilie. Research shows there should be at least two other sons, Pierre/Pieter, Knight Schepen of Antwerp, and Cornelius.
- #8Jean Du Moulin 1481-1554, knight , m. Catherine Van Aerssens. Children: Jean and Andre.Emilie Du Moulin was lady of honour to the empress, wife of the emperor Charles V.
- #9Jean Du Moulin 1517-1587 , Knight, m. Elizabeth Legers m 1545 Antwerp Cathedral. Children : Annie, Andre, Sara, Daniel and John.
- #10Andre Du Moulin 1549-1611 ( Lord of Milleghem and Ranst), Councillor to he Duke of Anjou , Deputy of the province of Brabant. m. 1583 @Antwerp to Lady Susanne de Basentin called de Malaport. He changed his name to Van der Meulen. There is still in Holland a fine chaced silver cup given by the city of Antwerp to Andre for his services to the city.
- and his brother : Daniel the Lord of Anseghem( banker).…. Daniel Van der Meulen 1550- 1600( died from the plague 1600)Daniel was a powerful Merchant and the youngest surviving child of . At the time of his death he was the seventh wealthiest in inhabitant in Leiden. He was a friend of the Prince of Orange, Executor to the mother and widow of St. Aldegonde, Ambassador to Denmark. Also in 1598 was asked to arbitrate between Spanish rulers and the states of the Netherlands.
- One of his fellow merchants was Jacques della Faille and there are many letters survived from the time between merchants including Daniel. Daniel moved to the northern low countries and in 1591 traded his residence in Bremen for the university town of Leiden . Daniel was close to becoming ambassador to France for the united colonies, but did not get the job. Daniel and his siblings desired to return to Antwerp. Daniel married Hester Della Faille.Hester Van der Muelen (de Molyn) (born Della Faille)Hester Van der Muelen (de Molyn) (born Della Faille) was born to Jean de la Faille and Cornélie de la Faille-van der Capellen.Jean was born in 1515, in Juliaans, Antwerpen.Cornélie was born in 1517, in Antwerpen.Hester had one sister: Maria de Malapert-de la Faille.Hester married Daniël Van der Muelen (de Molyn).
- Many of the ven der meulens fled the low country after the abdication of Charles V and fled Antwerp to the north .
- Marten Della Faille was Hester’s brother who gained a position on the admiralty board of Archduke Albert in 1596. 1614 he rose to nobility to Baron De Neule.
THE ZEELAND LINE: Line of Descent
- #8 Gen. (1484-1554) CorneLieus Van Der Meulen , son of Lord jacques and Lady Jenne ( Moen)Du Moulin had sons: Jan, Adrian & Nicholas(b antwerp), children of sons found in Zeeland.
- #9 Jan Van der Meulen b.1515 lived Antwerp- had children between 1545 &1565 viz., Cornelius , Symon,Jacques ( or jacob0 , Marten, Janneke, Elizabeth , Andries, Hans.Jan left Antwerp c. 1567 and travelled to Arneaiden in Zeeland. C1574 (via Ghent). His son Jacob had a daughter at Flushing 1572 – after this town was captured by the Protestant “Water Beggers” .His son Andries became councillor, magistrate and treasurer of Middleburg*. A city of the Prince of Orange with who this family was evidently influential.
- (* Johannes Du Moulin lived in Middleburg. (our 4 x great grandfather ) hence there is a ZEELAND connection! (18th century))
- #10 Cornelis Jan Van der Meulen b. 1540 Antwerp- became a citizen of Arneuiden Zeeland, 1577. His children: Jan and Cornelis. It is thought the came to Zeeland with the protestant “Water – Beggers” , but later returned to Catholicism and to Antwerp. The tomb of Cornelis Vermeulen in Antwerp Cathedral is believed to be his.
- #11 Jan Cornelissen Vermeule b. @ Ghent 1567-D1622 ( Goes). By his 4th wife Tanneke Cornelis he ahd Cornelis, Adriana, Tanneke, aycken, Sanneke.
- #12 Cornelis Jans Vermeule b. at Goes 1609 . Children: Cathelynken b1632, Jan Cornelissen 1695. The family moved to Flushing* /Vlissingen . Plus 2 other sons, Wiliam and Cornelius. * Our Jacobus Du Moulin studied medicine in Walcheron near Flushing.
- #13 Jan Cornelissen Vermeule 1634 d. 1713 @ Vlissingen, children: Cornelis , Adrian, Tan and Magdaleentje. Jan C was elder of the church 1686-1713. A well of Burgher
Then….there was ….. the french Du Moulin Huguenot connection. No direct relationship line has been found.
Charles Du Moulin 1500-1566:( Charles was a lawyer and a bitter enemy of feudalism) He was supposedly directly related to Anne Boleyn( cousin ?) – wife of King Henry VIII ,and mother of the first Queen Elizabeth. Charles wanted to restore the true character of the feudal relationship in his fight against feudalism as it was in his time.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Dumoulin
Charles , (born Paris ), was a French Jurist and Calvinist who went to Germany when the protestants were being persecuted. He taught law, at Strasbourg, Dole and Besancon after having first taught law in 1521.He returned to France in 1557 and after writing against the “Council of Trent” – high Roman Catholic council in Italy – he was imprisoned until 1564 and died in Paris in 1566.
Charles is still remembered in Legal History and his “Treatise on Contracts and Usury” 1546, Paris, attacked the very basis of the Usury doctrine. 1545 King Henry VIII allowed interest to be charged on loans. However interest on loans was forbidden by divine law. Charles proposed the regulation of interest rates by public authorities. As a result of his Treatise, he had to seek refuge aqt German Universities. He was declared a Heretic and his book was condenmed to be burned.
1525: King Francois 1st was imprisioned by the Spanish Court, he abdicated his french throne in favour of his son Fancois but the royal edit was set aside by the court Judge – Charles Du Moulin. ( Who established the precedent that Kings of France has to be native – born ).
Charles’ Death 1566: From: ‘ A new history of ecclesistical writers”: Charles converted to the Catholic Church on his death bed. He was affiliated at his death by Claudius Efpeneaus Lr Cort, curate of St. Andrews and Rene Bonelle , Principal of Du Pleffis College. He was buried at St Andrew’s church yard at eight at night without any funeral pomp, preceded only with 2 lighted torches, ( with dignitaries , including the the Biship of Paris ). He left 2 sons by his first wife, one that carried his own name. Whole son died without children, and a daughter named Ann Moulin who married to Simon Bobe ( advocate in Parliment, Bailliof Colomiers in Brie).
- A son: Joachim Du Moulin 1538 – 1618 ( to be confirmed ) m. Jacqueline du Plessis, nee Gabet ( The widow of Jacques Du Plessis) b. 1552.Joachim was a French Reformed ( Huguenot ) pastor in the Orleans region of France. He moved his family to Sedan, a city in the Ardennes that had become a haven for Protestant refugees during the sixteenth century Wars of Religion in France.
The Huguenots were members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France during the 16th and 17th centuries. French protestants were inspitred by the writings of John Calvin in the 1530’s. By the end of the 17th century , roughly 200,000 huguenots had fled France during a series of religious persecutions. They relocated to Protestant nations, such as England, Wales, Denmark, Switzerland, the Dutch Republic. , the elecorate of Brandenburg, electorate of the Palatinate , the Duchy of Prussia , and also to the Dutch Cape Colony in South Africa and the English 13 colonies of North America.
In 1560 Sedan was declared independent from France. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_of_Sedan :
By 1579 The Academy of Sedan was founded – it was the chief Huguenot Academy.This Academy is where Pierre Du Moulin , Joachim’s son , was educated. The Academy was closed down in 1681 by Louis XIV.
Joachim died in Buhy, val-D’Oise, Id de France, France. ( Buhy is now a commune in Northern France, today with only 295 population ). I would like to find out the significance of Buhy’s history.
It is believed that Joachim had 5 children in total ,including Esther ,born around 1565.
- Son: Pierre Du Moulin 1568 – 1658 ( Pierre the Devine ) Bishop of Paris m. Marie De Coliqnamb/Colignam.1570- d. 1622. Pierre was a Huguenot Minister, France. He was appointed a prendary at Canterbury Cathedral in 1615, Stall IV.
Pierre was born in Buhy ,18/10/1568 in Northern France, where his father had temporarily taken refuge and was acting as chaplain to Pierre de Puhy, brother , of the so called Huguenot Pope Phillipe de Mornay. (Phillipe de Mornay (1549-1623) also known as the Seigneur du Plessis Marly Du Plessis- Mornay- (Joachim was related as an in law to the Du Plessis family from his wife’s former husband. )Phillipe was a french protestant writer and member of the Monarchomauqes ( killer of kings).
Some ancestry says that Pierre’s father died in 1568 , yet there is also record that the parents fled when he was 4 years old(1572) to avoid the St. Barholomew massacres. ( Charles IX who was only a teenager was influenced by the catholics and cried ” Kill them all” – speaking of the Huguenots in Paris.) They left their four children in the charge of an old nurse at Coeurves near Scissons .It is my belief that Joachim died in 1615- to be confirmed.
The massacre started Aug 23/1572 and the first to be killed was Gasgard de Coligny ( military leader of the Huguenots ). 10,000 protestants were killed in Paris and 100,000 in the french provinces. Pierre and his family were very lucky ( and of course priveledged with their connections ) to survive!
The story goes that Pierre’s cries were concealed under a mattress on the murderers’ approach, would have attracted attention had not the nurse rattled her pots and pans pretending to be cleaning them, and had not his sister, Esther (7) covered his mouth .
In 1588 Pierre’s father , harrassed by persecution, dismissed his son with 12 crowns bidding him seek his fortunes in England. There he was befriended by Menillet who afterwards married his sister and the Countess of Rutland sent him as a tutor to her son to Cambridge where he continued his studies under Whitaker.
1592 He embarked on a trip to Holland on a visit to Professor Junius of Leyden ( Holland), but was shipwrecked off Walcheren losing all his books and other possessions, a disaster which inspired his latin poem: “Votiva Fabella”.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leiden_University( Leiden University- Institure for Cultural Disciplines )http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franciscus_Junius_(the_elder)( Prof. Junius in the above article was professior of theology at Leiden in 1892).Pierre became Professor of Theology at Leiden University, Grotius was one of his pupils and Scaliger he lodged with. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugo_Grotius
1598: Pierre went to visit his father at Jargean and was induced to enter the ministry for which he had undergone preparatory training while in London. After a farewell visit to Leiden, he took temporary duty at Blois and in March 1599 was appointed to Charenton . He accompanied as chaplain Catherine De Bourbois, Henry IV’s sister to Lorraine. On her deathbed in 1604 Cardinal du Perron ( sent by Henry IV) attempted to have her change her religion to Catholic – Pierre was at her side – and she would not change, and Pierre would not leave her bedside. ( Catherine was Henry IV’s half sister , the daughter of his father’s second wife, Constance of Castile).
Du Moulin’s house in Paris was the resort of French and foreign protestants, Andrew Melville staying there until 1611. It was twice pillaged by mobs and he himself had narrow escapes from violence.
In 1615 his fellow countryman Sir Theodore Mayerne recommended him to James 1st. who required a French Divine to assist him in his “Begis Declaratio pro Jure Regio” and fetched him over ot London. James took him with him to Cambridge where he was made D.D. and gave him a benifice in Wales and a prebend at Canterbury, each worth 200 pounds a year. After a three months stay he returned to Paris.
In 1619 James who had consulted with him on his scheme of protestant union gave him a pension chargeable on the Deanery of Salisbury.In 1620 Edward Herbert first Lord Herbert of Cherbury, British Ambassador at Paris pressed him to write to James on behalf of the elector palatin. Du Moulin reluctantly agreed, but the letter was intercepted or accord , to another version, was treacherously divulged by Buckinham and its exhortations to James to justify the hopes placed in him by continent protestants were construed as incitements to a foreign sovereign to interfere in French affairs.
Du Moulin by Herbert’s advise, fled to Sedan where the Duke of Boullion appointed him tutor to his son pastor of the church and prefessor of theology at the academy. In 1623 he revisited England . In 1628 he was allowed to return to Charenton which charge he occupied for 21 years . But finding his position once again dangerous he withdrew first to the Hague and then to Sedan – continued to preach and lecture until his death 10/3/1658.
Pierre married Marie de Colognen (d. 1622) in 1599 and then to Sarah De Geslay in 1623.With Marie he had two children : Lewis and Peter b. 24/4/1601.
The autobiography of Pierre to 1644 , family copy, is at the Library of the History of French Protestantism Society at Paris , printed in a bulletin in 1858.
The Du Moulin clan constituted the Highest French Protestant Aristocracy .
Highlights: Pierre Du Moulin
Tutor to the Earl of Rutland 1592 at Cambridge ( Pierre trained in Cambridge and London). 1592: Professor of Philosophy and Greek at the University of Leiden. 1598: Returned to France.1599 -1620:Appointment as the Pastor of the New Reformed Church at Charenton , France. ( Although he was in England by 1615).
( Protestant temples were not allowed in Paris and so Parisiennes would travel to Charenton to worship). 1606, the King allowed the Parisiennes to build a protestant chapel at Charenton. In 1621 the first chapel was burnt down in heretical fury.
During his pastorship at Charenton, Pierre travelled to England and received a Doctorate in Divinity at Cambridge.( He was invited to England in 1615 by James 1st ). In 1620 Pierre was a tutor to the son of the Duke of Bouillon and became Pastor of the Church and Professor of Theology at Sedan , ( Sedan Academy), France , 1620-1654.He returned to England in 1624 and was offered a cure in the Church of England – St. John the Baptist church of Chester, but he declined the offer, and spent the rest of his day at Sedan in France. Pierre had a reputation as a great Orator and he wrote many religious works.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_of_Bouillon
It is understood that Pierre had a total of 18 children. ( 10 with his second wife ).
- Pierre ( 1601-1684), Esther (1603-1638), Lewis (1605-1680),Cyrus(1608-1670), Marie (1613-1699),Henri ( 1634-1679), Daniel (1636) , Marthe ( d.1699).
- Marie Du Moulin:
- Cyrus Du Moulin:
- Son: Pieter Du Moulin 1601 – 1684 m. Anne Calver(1606-1678) in 1633. ( Married England ). Anne was of Foscott , Buckinghamshire.
Peter was born 24/4/1601 in Paris. He died 10/10/1684 and was buried at Canterbury Cathedral . His siblings includes Cyrus Du Moulin who was a french pastor at Canterbury.Peter was regarded as an anglican divine who studied at Sedan and Leiden, and received a degree of D.D. at Cambridge. In 1625 he was appointed to St. John’s of Chester .( Peter previous to this had been a prisoner at Dunkirk ). 1640 he was the D.D. at Leiden. Also rector of Witherley Leichestershire in 1633 and of Wheldrake , Yorkshire in 1641. During the First English Civil war he was first in Ireland as tutor in the Boyle family, and was next tutor at Oxford to the sons of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington, Charles Boyle, 3rd Viscount Dungarvan and Richard Boyle (d. 1665) , frequently preaching at St Peter in the East in Oxford. He was recotr of Adisham , Kent, from 1646( with a short intermission in 1660 on the reinstatement of John Oliver ) until his death.
- Peter had a son , Jehan Du Moulin b about 1634, who had a daughter Jaine De maline b . 1656 ( abt) and a son John Demaline b.1654.
- Son: Lewis Du Moulin married Rebecca Taylor. Another son.
- Cyrus Du Moulin: It has been noted that Cyrus Du Moulin was another son of Pierre Du Moulin.
This represents possible french protestant connection to Du Moulin. The Zeeland line below cannot yet be directly connected.
ZEELAND Direct lineage
Lambertus Du Moulin b.+/- 1696 M. Joanna Paternoster, Bruge, Belgium b.+/- 1700. Son Jacobus
- Jacobus Du Moulin b. +/- 1722 married Esther Decre b. before 1739, and had a daughter Adriaantje 1755-1829 m. Hendrik Machielse b. abt 1765-1829 had a son :Leendert Machielse 1793- before 1859. There is a Jacobus du Moulin( uit Schoondijke) who joins The Dutch East India company as second medical master with chamber Zeeland on the Westerveld ship bound for Batavia 1768. june 1777 Jacobus Du Moulin deceased Asia. ( is this the same ?)
- Jacobus , a son Johannes( +/- b.1757-) m. Johanna OOle , Middleburg, Zeeland, Holland.Son Johannes(1757-) is our great x 4 grandfather.
Johannes had three sons:
- Peter David Du Moulin b. 1787? – documents have revealed that Peter David may not have been the brother of Jacobus A!
- Andrew Du Moulin,
- Jacobus Adrianus 28/9/1777 – 18/1/1839 m Jane Davidson 1792 – 1871.
- Also John Johann Cornelius Du Moulin b.1790.
Jacobus’s brother Andrew was a Lieutenant in the 43rd regiment .( Obviously the sons all moved to England). He retired on half pay in 1802. The 43rd ( Monmouthshire) regiment of foot was raised in 1741 in Winchester, and known as the 43rd in 1748. This regiment returned to North America in 1774 until 1781 throughout the American war of independence and was present at the Yorktown surrender . Then the regiment returned to the West Indies in 1794 to capture for the second time Martinique and St. Lucia which following the peace treaty of 1763 had been returned to France. They were then defeated by the french in 1794 after three months stand off.
In a letter dated 9th October 1918 from Lt. Col. du Moulin of Fishbourne, Chichester, Sussex) some information has been found.
Francis Louis Du Moulin MC ( Jacobus’s great grandson) was Lt. Colonel , 1st Battalion, Yorkshire regiment, 21st Division. Killed in action 7th November 1918. ( He enlisted in New Zealand )Son of Louis Eugene and Katherine Parrell Du Moulin of Fishbourne Lodge, Fishbourne. Awarded the Military Cross . Buried in Belaimont Communal Cemetary F. 935. ( From the Roll of Honour Fishbourne War Memorial). Francis ( Frank)Louis was the son of Louis Eugene who died in the Boar war 1902. Louis Eugene Du Moulin wrote a book entitled “Two Years on Trek”.
Jacobus Arianus Du Moulin our 3 x Great Grandfather.28/9/1777 – 18/1/1839
Jacobus and his father Johannes /Johan (1757-) were in the French Revolutionary Army from 1793 onwards. ( It is possible that Johan was a surgeon and Jacobus would have been a training surgeon).
The French Revolutionary Army (French: Armée révolutionnaire française) was the French force that fought the French Revolutionary Wars from 1792 to 1802. These armies were characterised by their revolutionary fervour, their poor equipment and their great numbers.( Active till 1804). The revolutionary armies successfully expelled foreign forces from French soil and then overran many neighboring countries, establishing client republics. Leading generals included Jourdan, Bonaparte, Masséna and Moreau.
Battle Of Valmy
At the Battle of Valmy on 20 September 1792, the Revolutionary forces defeated Brunswick’s( Austro – Prussian) advance guard, causing the invading army to begin retreating to the border. Much of the credit to the victory must go to the French artillery, widely viewed as the best in Europe thanks to the technical improvements of Jean Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval.
Jacobus and his father took part in the action at Valmy (1792) .This was the first victory of the army of France during the revolutionary wars after the French Revolution against the Prussian and Habsburg Monarchy.
While the Cannonade of Valmy had saved the Republic from imminent destruction and caused its enemies to take pause, the guillotining of Louis XVI in January 1793 and the convention’s proclamation that it would ‘export the revolution‘ hardened the resolve of France’s enemies to destroy the Republic and reinstate a monarchy.
Levée en masse 1793- Carnot
- “From this moment until such time as its enemies shall have been driven from the soil of the Republic all Frenchmen are in permanent requisition for the services of the armies. The young men shall fight; the married men shall forge arms and transport provisions; the women shall make tents and clothes and shall serve in the hospitals; the children shall turn linen into lint; the old men shall betake themselves to the public squares in order to arouse the courage of the warriors and preach hatred of kings and the unity of the Republic”
All unmarried able bodied men aged between 18 and 25 were to report immediately for military service. Those married, as well as the remaining men, women and children, were to focus their efforts on arming and supplying the army. Essentially Jacobus and his father had little choice but to serve in or for the army.
By 1804 Jacobus went to England to live – this was the year that the first french empire was established under Napoleon the first. Jacobus joined the British army in England.
( The French revolution came about with the revolutionary activities in Paris and when Louis XVI was tried and executed. Du Mouriez and a french general seized the whole Austrian Netherlands, and france declares war against England and Holland. Du Mouriez , after invading Holland, attempted to overthrow the french government but failed and fled to Austria. Eventually in 1804 he settled in England where he was granted a pension in return for military advise to the British war office . 1804: the first french empire was formed under Napoleon Bonaparte – the year in which Jacobus went to England to live ).
Charles-François du Périer Dumouriez (25 January 1739 – 14 March 1823) was a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars. He shared the victory at Valmy with General François Christophe Kellermann, but later deserted theRevolutionary Army, and became a royalist intriguer during the reign of Napoleon as well as an adviser to the British government. Dumouriez is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe, on Column 3.
Jacobus Adrianus Du Moulin:
Jacobus had studied medicine at Walcheron in Holland, near Flushing.
1804 went to England and became the assitant surgeon to the 5th battalion, 60th Rifle Regiment of foot, April 1804, and Surgeon of the same in 1808.He served at the Peninsula in 1808 and served with Picton’s Division 5th Batallion, 60th Rifles, and took part in 32 engagements. Then Surgeon of the 97th Regiment of foot, 1810.
He was wounded at badajos in Spain when it was stormed by Wellington in 1812. There is a suggestion he was at the seige of Cadiz, 1810 – 1812. These battles were all part of the Peninsula War. He returned to London in 1812.
Jacobus married Jane Davidson(b.31/7/1792- 19/5/1871) on 14/1/1812 in St. Anne’s Limehouse church , Middlesex. Jacobus’s first son James William(1815 – 1854) Records indicate his first son was born 18th June 1815 in a baggage wagon on the field of Waterloo.
Jacobus was retired from the army and on half pay in 1813 and 1814.
He went into private practice in Goes , Holland. He worked as a surgeon in Capelle/Kapelle, Holland in 1821. ( Records show he had a mortgage “Woonplaats”( residence), Kapelle. )
1823: Jacobus was awarded an honary medal for charitable assistance for vaccinating 100 people against smallpox out of his own pocket. The medal was likely given to him by Lodewijk Napoleon, Prince of the Netherlands ( a relation of Napleon, Bonarparte). The medal features the word “Heelmeester” ( Village surgeon). “Capelle” is the town( village in South Holland). “Vritjwillig” means of own will.
1831: Jacobus was a volunteer surgeon with the Dutch army, he was at the battle of Hasselt ,August 1831 against the Belgian Rebels. He was awarded the Hasselt Cross for voluntery service given by William 1st.
Prince of Orange leading the dutch army at the battle of Hasselt.
|Date||2–12 August 1831|
From August 1830 there was anti dutch rioting in Brussels. The Belgians declared independence from Holland in October 1830. 2nd August 1831: The Prince of Orange led 36,000 dutch troops and 72 guns into Belgium. On the 12th August , 1831: Orange defeated the Belgiums – who eventually got their independence.
Battle of Leuven (1831)
|Part of the Ten Days’ Campaign|
Victory near Leuven; 12 August 1831
|The Battle of Leuven was a battle of the Ten Days’ Campaign during the Belgian Revolution. The battle took place on 12 August and officially ended on 13 August 1831. The Dutch army defeated the Belgian rebels, but were forced to withdraw in order to avoid war with France, as a large French army under Maréchal Gérard had crossed the border to support the Belgian rebels. They concluded a truce with the Belgians, allowing them to take the city for a few hours on 13 August.|
This Hasselt Cross,(1830 -1831)of Jacobus Adrianus is in the Melbourne Museum ( in storage) and it says on one side: “W” for King Wihelm, 1st, and on the opposite side 1830-1831 ‘Loyal to King and Country”. The navy blue and orange ribbon is original. The cross was made from bronze melted down from two cannons captured at the battle. The cross was given out to soldiers and volunteers for their participation in the 10 day campaign at Hasselt. ( now located in Belgium Limburg).
Back to England !
In 1833 he joined the British army again as assistant surgeon to the 50th Regiment and sailed on the “Roslyn Castle” which departed England 27/5/1834 and arrived in Sydney Australia 15/9/1834. He brought his 11 children, wife and mother in law , Grace Davidson born 1767.( Grace ‘s name is/was on the tombstone in the old Perouse cemetary . ( Headstones were removed from the first cemetary in George St. Sydney ).(The surgeon on the ship was Robert Espie and the master of the ship was William Ritchie.)
With him and his wife, Jacobus came with a large number of children :
- Guillame (1821-1894) m. Emily Fearon,
- Heindrik (1821-1900)- twin with Guillame,
- James William (1815-1854 m. Frances Olgivie (b.1836 NSW),
- Pieter Nicolas (1825-1886) m. Margaret Jane Druitt,
- Jacoba Henrietta Maria Johanna (1831-1911)m. Charles Weaver,
- Grace Adriana (1823-1890) m. Christoper Fearon and W. Wheeler,
- Eliza b Australia 1836-1916 m. William Montgomery,
- Sarah A. Jane(1830-1889)m. William Foster and Matthew Macalister,
- James Andrew (1832-1891)m. Mary Bowen,
- Charlotte Johanna (1814-1877) m. Henry Gutton(b1809, Matlaske, Norfolk, England) married 28/3/1837 in Windsor , NSW,
- John Peter (1816-1901 New Zealand)m. Mary T.Tighe,
- Cornelius Anthony (1828-1896)m. J. Pingram and Theresa Mc Donnall.( governess).
- Also Georges b. Holland 1820.There is evidence that Hendrik d.1820 Kapelle.
We know little of his work or life in Sydney except the story is he worked with the unfortunate and sick in Sydney slums. He was stationed in Windsor( to 1837) at Regimental headquarters, when not in the surgeon’s quarters in Paramatta.
He had one child in Australia , Eliza, who lived in Sale , Victoria. Jacobus supposedly worked in the slums in Sydney and may have contracted scarlet fever. He died on the 14th January 1839 at the surgeon’s quarters near the Military hospital at 62 years old. His funeral was conducted by Rev. J. D. Lang, a prominent Presbyterian minister. Cause of death was “erysipelas” which according to the medical dictionary is a painful infection of the skin, caused by streptococci – the same bacteria as scarlet fever.
Lang, John Dunmore (1799-1878)
(Rev. John Dunmore Lang was instrumental in bringing the first German missionaries to Moreton Bay. He was one of the movers and shakers of colonial Australia, slightly controversial, and with an eye for opportunity and a great deal of conviction and energy. He was a Scottish preacher, politician and patriot, who fought a number of social justice battles in Australia.)
According to Eric Sinfeld of the friends of Rookwood, Jacobus was interned from the original Sydney old burial grounds grave site in 1901( Old Sydney Burial ground – Sandhills/Devonshire Street) , to La Perouse Presbyterian Cemetary.
However, it has been discovered that casket no. 585 is not buried there. It has been suggested that his final resting place may be in the churchyard of the small old wooden church situated 1/2 miles away from the La Perouse church. There are no head stones or records unfortunately.
Jacobus was buried in the Perouse Cemetary with Capt. Henry Gutton, Louisa Jane Gunton, Grace Gunton and Harry T. Gunton together with the remains of Grace Davidson who died 3/5/1838( Jacobus’s mother in law).
His wife Jane went to Gippsland Victoria after his death, possibly following her daughter Sara to Gippsland.
Jacobus indicated he wanted to be a free settler and in 1838 obtained a 60 acre grant at Castle Hill, known as the Buckridge Grant? He lived there for many years. (Daniel Buckridge was a convict sentenced at 16 in 1791 to transportation for life, he died in 1834 – he was granted a pardon in 1812 when he lived at Pitt Town). Castle Hill is located 31 km north west of the Sydney city centre .
He died shortly after leaving Jane with 13 children . ( nine of whom were dependent on her support). Jane’s petition for a grant of land of 800 acres in lieu of 200 pounds which her husband was entitled to, was unsuccessful.
From a letter from Jane dated 16th June 1839 to the Right Honorable Lord Hill , Commander in chief of her majesty’s army: ‘that at the time of his lamented decease, it was declared intention of our memorialist’s late husband to retire from the Army in a short time and to commence his pursuits as a settler, claiming remission in his purchase of crown lands in wich an officer in the army he was entitled under government regulations…. was entitled as a surgeon in the army of upwards of twenty years service was 200 pounds being equal to 800 hundred acres of land at the minimum price of five shillings per acre…. And your Memorialist will every pray etc. etc. Jane Du Moulin”.
Response: 16th Nov. 1839: Lord Russell to Sir George Gipps( Despatch no.43 per ship Mangles)….”I beg you will express to the Memorialist my sincere regret that it is not in my power to depart from the Established Regulations in her favour”.
In 1842 it was shown that Jane Du Moulin had under cultivation 7 acres of land yielding oats and hay. In 1839 the property passed to the eldest son?, James William Du Moulin . (James had land later on in Wollombi, and we don’t know what happened to the land in Sydney).
Some of this information has come from Cessnock Historical Society, of which some may also have come from ‘The Settlers Of West Pennant Hills Valley” by Gwen Millhouse.